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Economic Indicators and the Health of the Economy


A look at economic growth, the business cycle and the economic indicators which forecast growth. A wide variety of economic indicators are considered from stock prices to interest rates to government spending.
  1. What are Economic Indicators?
  2. Commodity Prices
  3. Economic Growth and GDP
  4. Exchange Rates
  5. Inflation
  6. Interest Rates
  1. Recessions and Depressions
  2. Stock Prices
  3. Unemployment Rate
  4. Money Supply
  5. Government Spending
  6. International Trade

What are Economic Indicators?

This section answers questions such as "What are economic indicators?", "What do economic indicators do?", "What are the various types of economic indicators?"

Commodity Prices

An examination of what economic factors causes commodity prices to fluctuate and conversely what impact fluctuating commodity prices have on the economy.

Economic Growth and GDP

Information on the business cycle, what causes economies to grow in size... or shrink in size.

Exchange Rates

Information on how exchange rates are calculated, how exchange rates are determined and what causes currencies such as the U.S. dollar, Euro, or Canadian dollar to fluctuate.


Inflation is an increase in the price of a basket of goods and services that is representative of the economy as a whole. The following links describe what causes inflation and what impact inflation has on the economy.

Interest Rates

The interest rate is the yearly price charged by a lender to a borrower in order for the borrower to obtain a loan. This is usually expressed as a percentage of the total amount loaned. Interest rates, both nominal and real, have impacts on the economy as they impact the saving, spending and investment decisions made by households and firms.

Recessions and Depressions

There is an old joke among economists that states: A recession is when your neighbor loses his job. A depression is when you lose your job. Learn more about recessions and depressions with the links below.

Stock Prices

The value of stock market indicies seem to be the barometer many use for the health of the economy.

Unemployment Rate

What are the causes of unemployment? What are the types of unemployment? What are potential solutions to reduce the unemployment rate in an economy? Is unemployment always a bad thing?

Money Supply

What is money? How much money is there in the United States? Should there be more money? How does the size of the money supply impact economic variables such as inflation, as well as economic growth?

Government Spending

Government spending decisions impact both the amount of taxes we have to pay, but the performance of the economy as a whole.

International Trade

International trade covers issues such as tarriffs, sanctions, and exchange rates. International trade is praised by some and blamed by others for its impact on employment and the economy.

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