Amy's research is focused on health insurance markets. Within this area, she has had three main interrelated lines of research: (a) Tests on the presence of asymmetric information in insurance markets; (b) Structural estimation and analysis of welfare implications of models with asymmetric information; (c) Effects of public intervention in health and long-‐term care insurance markets.
In other words, Professor Finkelstein looks at the ramifications of the fact that individuals know more about their own health than insurers do when people choose whether or not to sign up for health insurance. she also investigates whether improving access to health care makes individuals healthier and happier. Can't really argue with the importance of that.