Economists divide technological progress into two categories: labor augmenting technological progress and labor replacing technological progress. Obviously, these different forms of progress have different implications for employment dynamics, so it's important to think about which type of progress we've historically experienced. While it may not feel like it, most of the technological progress we've seen over the past century has actually been labor augmenting- for example, the computer that I'm typing on right now hasn't replaced me, but it certainly has made me more productive!
Therefore, it's not surprising that economists, on average, respond in the negative when asked whether the lower employment rate that the U.S. has recently experienced is the result of the robots taking our jobs.
Who knew that Downton Abbey is really an allegory for current economic issues? Apparently at least one guy at the Washington Post did.
When discussing views on taxes and fairness, it is often the case that wealthier people tend to have more "selfish" views on what tax policy should look like. (I put selfish in quotes because I don't really mean to impart a negative connotation but instead want to describe views that mainly benefit one's self.) It's unclear, however, whether being wealthy actually causes the selfish views or whether people who have such views are more likely to care about money nd make acquiring it a higher priority. From a scientific perspective, it would be nice if researchers could randomly give people money and see how it affects their attitudes towards taxation.
As it turns out, the world kind of does this for us via lotteries. Using lottery data from the UK, researchers find evidence that acquiring wealth causes people to develop more right-wing economic views. In addition, the lottery winners are more likely to believe that the average person gets a fair share of society's wealth. The researchers find that this effect is pretty strong even for people who won somewhat modest amounts in the lottery, so it's possible that the existence of lotteries actually has an effect on political outcomes. Something to think about next time you go buy that lotto ticket! (Economist disclaimer: It's still a bad idea, financially.)
Economists tend to talk a lot both about the efficient-markets hypothesis and the man behind its inception, Eugene Fama. This video from 2008 simplifies matters by having Fama himself discuss the efficient-markets hypothesis and what it implies.